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姜堰泰州教师资格证每日一练——教育与教育学及逻辑思维能力

姜堰泰州教师资格证每日一练教育与教育学及逻辑思维能力 姜堰泰州教师资格证每日一练教育与教育学及逻辑思维能力 资格证笔试不知道如何备考?偷偷告诉你哦,资格证笔试 就是采

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姜堰泰州教师资格证每日一练——教育与教育学及逻辑思维能力
姜堰泰州教师资格证每日一练——教育与教育学及逻辑思维能力


资格证笔试不知道如何备考?偷偷告诉你哦,资格证笔试 就是采用题海战术,多刷题,保证你能拿90分以上!在这里给各位小伙伴们,整理了超多历年真题,每天10道题,快来测一下你的正确率吧~

【单选题】1.在教育研究中,通过考察事物发生和发展的过程,揭示其本质和发展规律的研究方法是( )。

A. 调查法

B. 访谈法

C. 历史法

D. 实验法

2.按学生的年龄、性别随机抽取调查样本,这种抽样方法属于( )。

A. 系统抽样

B. 分层抽样

C. 目的抽样

D. 有意抽样

3.孔子说:“学而不思则惘,思而不学则殆”,表明孔子很强调:(  )。

A. 启发式教学

B. 学习与思考相结合

C. 因材施教

D. 学习与行动相结合

4.中国最早的学校教育形态出现在( )。

A. 殷商

B. 西周

C. 春秋战国

D. 夏朝

5.关于古代斯巴达教育的论述,错误的是( )。

A. 教育内容单一

B. 教育途径单一化

C. 教育的目的主要是培养政治家与商人

D. 教育方法一强制灌输为主

6.( )对于“奋不顾身”相当于“见利忘义”对于( )。

A. 大公无私 德高望重

B. 见义勇为 损人利己

C. 壮志凌云 贪生怕死

D. 斤斤计较 舍己为人

7.文化是活的生命。持久的生命力有赖于其影响力,而社会大众的喜爱是构成影响力的前提条件。由此可以推出( )。

A. 受到大众喜欢的文化就会有影响力和持久的生命力

B. 不受大众喜欢的文化就没有持久的生命力

C. 文化没有影响力就不会受到社会大众的喜爱

D. 只有具备了持久的生命力,才可能受到社会大众的喜爱

8.某餐馆发生一起谋杀案,经调查:第一,谋杀的工具或者是叉,或者是刀第二,谋杀的时间或者在午夜12点,或者在凌晨4点第三,谋杀者或者是甲,或者是乙如果以上断定是真的,那么以下哪项也是真的?( )①死者不是甲用叉在午夜12点谋杀的。因此,死者是乙用刀在凌晨4点谋杀的。②死者是甲用叉在凌晨4点谋杀的。因此,死者不是乙用叉在凌晨4点谋杀的。③谋杀时间是午夜12点,但不是甲用叉谋杀的。因此,一定是乙用刀谋杀的。

A. 仅①

B. 仅②

C. 仅①②

D. ①②③

9.老师把双手伸进围棋匣子,然后双手握拳各执一子,让同学猜哪只手里有黑子。假设老师说了四句话,其中三句是真的,一句是假的。(1)右手肯定不是黑子。(2)或者左手是黑子,或者右手是黑子。(3)如果左手是黑子,则右手就不是黑子。(4)左手、右手都是黑子。则( )是假话。

A. (1)

B. (2)

C. (3)

D. (4)

10.教师让四名学生每人去拿一只桌球,不论什么颜色。学生拿了球后,教师发现唯一的一只白球被拿走了,问谁拿了白球。甲说:我没有拿白球。乙说:是丁拿的白球。丙说:是乙拿的白球。丁说:白球不是我拿的。如果四人中只有一人说的是真话,那么拿了白球的是( )。

A. 甲

B. 乙

C. 丙

D. 丁

答案及解析

1.【C】教育科学研究方法主要有历史研究法,个案研究法,行动研究法,质的研究法,调查研究法,实验研究法等。历史研究法就是以系统方式收集、整理教育现象发生和演变的史料,揭示其本质发展规律的研究方法,调查法侧重于采用问卷,访谈,观察,测量等间接方式对现状进行考察。个案研究法研究对象侧重于案例。行动研究法侧重于实践问题的解决。实验研究法侧重对研究变量的控制。题干中考查的是历史研究法的含义,因此选C.

2.【B】主要抽样方法:1.简单随机抽样一般的,设一个总体个数为N,如果通过逐个抽取的方法抽取一个样本,且每次抽取时,每个个体被抽到的概率相等,这样的抽样方法为简单随机抽样。总体个数不多时,适合采用简单随机抽样。比如商场的抽奖(一等奖为摸到3个红球,二等奖为摸到2个红球,三等奖为摸到1个红球):摸到一个球,放回去再摸一个球,然后放回去再摸一个球。2.系统抽样系统抽样也称为等距抽样、机械抽样、SYS抽样,它是首先将总体中各单位按一定顺序排列,根据样本容量要求确定抽选间隔,然后随机确定起点,每隔一定的间隔抽取一个单位的一种抽样方式。是纯随机抽样的变种。比如把100个学生编号,从100个号中选6个,可以以5为间隔,然后随机确定起点(比如随机起点为52,抽到的6个号码为:52、57、62、67、72、77)。3.分层抽样又称分类抽样和类型抽样,先将总体按某种特征划分为若干个同质层,再在各层内随机抽样或机械抽样,分层抽样的特点是将科学分组法与抽样法结合在一起,分组减小了各抽样层变异性的影响,抽样保证了所抽取的样本具有足够的代表性。比如,抽取小学(学制为6年)120名学生进行研究,可以按照年级和性别两个维度分为12个层次,每个层次用简单随机抽样或系统抽样,抽取10名学生。从而保证不仅每个年级人数相同,性别同样也相同。使样本更具代表性。题中按学生年龄、性别随机抽样,就属于分层抽样。有意抽样法也称按目的的抽样,主要根据选取对象的特殊性进行目的性(有意性)抽样。比如研究特殊儿童(聋哑、盲弱视、弱智)学习特点,或超常儿童的学习特点,那就必须以特殊儿童作为抽样对象(叫有偏取样)

3.【B】题干这句话的意思是只学习不思考就会变得迷惑,只思考不学习就会变得懒惰。体现出孔子重视学与思并重。

4.【D】根据历史记载,中国早在4000多年前的夏代,就有了学校教育的形态。《孟子》里说夏、商、周“设庠、序、学、校以教之,庠者养也,校者教也,序者射也。夏曰校,殷曰序,周曰庠,学则三代共之,皆所以明人伦也”。据推测,校、序、庠都是当时的小学。西周时期,周天子建立了小学,这种小学设在官府。西周以后,学校教育制度已经发展到比较完备的形式,建立了典型的政教合一的官学体系,并有了“国学”与“乡学”之分。到了春秋战国时期,官学衰微,私学大兴,儒、墨两家的私学成为当时的显学。

5.【C】古代斯巴达教育的目的是培养忠于统治阶级的强悍的军人,强调军事体育训练和政治道德灌输,教育内容单一,教育方法也比较严厉。培养有文化修养和多种才能的政治家和商人是古代雅典教育的目的。因此C项的表述是错误的,选C。

6.【B】见义勇为与奋不顾身互为同义词,见利忘义与损人利己为互为同义词。所以选择B选项。

7.【B】考查必要条件假言推理。由题干第二句可知,“影响力”是“持久的生命力”的必要条件,而“社会大众的喜爱”是“影响力”的必要条件。即可推出“社会大众的喜爱”是“持久的生命力”的必要条件,故B项正确。A、C、D三项都将“社会大众的喜爱”当成充分条件,故错误。

8.【B】本题属于形式推理的翻译推理题型。题干中“或者…或者…”表示选言命题,即两个条件中至少满足一个。①中指出不是甲用叉在午夜12点杀死的,但可能是甲用的刀在午夜12点杀死的,当然也可能是乙用刀或叉在午夜12点或凌晨四点杀死的,不能确定具体情况,无法断定其是否正确;②中指出是甲杀死的,那必然不是乙杀死的,所以可以判断其是正确的;③中指出谋杀时间为12点,不是甲用叉谋杀的,但可能是甲用刀谋杀的,也可能是乙用刀或叉谋杀的,无法确定具体情况,无法判断其是否正确。因此,本题答案为B选项。

9.【D】(3)“左黑→右不黑”与(4)“左黑且右黑”相矛盾,必有一真必有一假。根据题干信息“三句是真的,一句是假”可知(1)(2)为真,故右手不是黑,左手是黑,推知(4)为假话。故D为答案。

10.【A】本题为逻辑判断中的真假推理题。已知条件中乙、丁的话矛盾,在矛盾关系中必定有一真一假,只有一个人说真话,那么真话就被锁定在乙和丁之中,所以其余的就是假话,因此甲、丙为假,可知拿白球的是甲,因此本题的正确答案为A。

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Jiangyan Taizhou teacher qualification certificate daily practice -- education and pedagogy and logical thinking ability

Jiangyan Taizhou teacher qualification certificate daily practice -- education and pedagogy and logical thinking ability



Do not know how to prepare for the written examination of qualification certificate? Tell you secretly, the written examination of qualification certificate is to use the tactics of sea of questions, brush the questions more, and ensure that you can get more than 90 points! Here, I've sorted out more than 10 real questions every day for you guys. Let's test your accuracy~


In educational research, the research method to reveal the nature and development law of things through the investigation of the process of their occurrence and development is ().


A. Investigation method


B. Interview method


C. Historical law


D. Experimental method


2. Randomly select survey samples according to the age and gender of students. This sampling method belongs to ().


A. Systematic sampling


B. Stratified sampling


C. Purpose sampling


D. Intentional sampling


3. Confucius said: "learning without thinking is perplexing, thinking without learning is perilous", which shows that Confucius emphasized: ().


A. Heuristic teaching


B. Combination of learning and thinking


C. Teach students according to their aptitude


D. Combination of learning and action


4. The earliest form of school education in China appears in ().


A. Yin merchants


B. Western Zhou Dynasty


C. Spring and Autumn period and Warring States Period


D. Xia Dynasty


5. About the ancient Spartan education, the mistake is ().


A. Single educational content


B. Simplification of educational approaches


C. The purpose of education is mainly to train politicians and businessmen


D. Education method one is mainly forced indoctrination


6. () to be "desperate" is to be "selfless".


A. Great public has no private morality and high expectations


B. Do justice and do harm to others


C. To live and die


D. Give up one's self for one's own sake


7. Culture is a living life. The lasting vitality depends on its influence, and the popularity of the public is the prerequisite of its influence. From this it is possible to push out ().


A. A culture loved by the public will have influence and lasting vitality


B. A culture that is not popular with the public has no lasting vitality


C. Without influence, culture will not be loved by the public


D. Only with a lasting vitality can it be loved by the public


8. A murder happened in a restaurant. After investigation, first, the instrument or fork of the murder, or the knife, second, the time of the murder, or at midnight, or at 4:00 in the morning, third, the murderer, or a, or B. if the above is true, which of the following is true? The victim was not murdered with a fork at midnight. So the victim was murdered by B with a knife at 4 a.m. ② The victim was murdered with a fork at 4 a.m. Therefore, the victim was not murdered by B with a fork at 4 a.m. ③ The time of the murder is 12 midnight, but it's not a murder with a fork. Therefore, it must have been B's murder with a knife.


A、 Only ①


B. Only ②


C. Only ① ②


D. ①②③


9. The teacher put his hands into the go box, and then he clenched his fists and held each one. Let the students guess which hand has the black. Suppose the teacher said four sentences, three of which are true and one is false. (1) The right hand must not be the black one. (2) Either the left hand is black, or the right hand is black. (3) If the left hand is black, the right hand is not black. (4) The left and right hands are black. Then () is a lie.


A. (1)


B. (2)


C. (3)


D. (4)


10. The teacher asked each of the four students to get a billiard, no matter what color. After the students took the ball, the teacher found that the only white ball was taken away and asked who took the white ball. A said: I didn't take the white ball. B: it's Ding's white ball. C said: it's the white ball that B got. Ding said: I didn't take the white ball. If only one of the four said the truth, the one who took the white ball was ().


A. A


B. B


C. C


D. Ding


Answer and analysis


1. [C] research methods of educational science mainly include historical research, case study, action research, qualitative research, investigation research, experimental research, etc. The method of historical research is to collect and sort out the historical data of the occurrence and evolution of educational phenomena in a systematic way, and to reveal the research method of its essential development law. The survey method focuses on the indirect way of questionnaire, interview, observation and measurement to investigate the current situation. The research object of case study method focuses on cases. Action research focuses on solving practical problems. Experimental research focuses on the control of research variables. The meaning of the historical research method is examined in the stem of questions, so C


2. [b] main sampling methods: 1. Simple random sampling is general. Set a population number as n. if a sample is taken one by one, and the probability of each individual being drawn is equal each time, such sampling method is simple random sampling. Simple random sampling is suitable for small population. For example, in the market lottery (the first prize is to touch three red balls, the second prize is to touch two red balls, and the third prize is to touch one red ball): touch a ball, put it back to touch another ball, and then put it back to touch another ball. 2. System sampling system sampling is also known as isometric sampling, mechanical sampling and sys sampling. It is a sampling method that first arranges all units in the population in a certain order, determines the sampling interval according to the sample capacity requirements, then randomly determines the starting point, and selects one unit at a certain interval. It is a variant of pure random sampling. For example, if you select 6 of 100 student numbers, you can take 5 as the interval, and then randomly determine the starting point (for example, the random starting point is 52, and the six numbers you select are 52, 57, 62, 67, 72, 77). 3. Stratified sampling, also known as classified sampling and type sampling, first

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