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姜堰泰州教师资格证哪家培训机构好,巧用题海战术让你事半功倍
姜堰泰州教师资格证哪家培训机构好,巧用题海战术让你事半功倍


教师资格证每日一练——态度与品德的形成及德育

资格证笔试不知道如何备考?偷偷告诉你哦,资格证笔试 就是采用题海战术,多刷题,保证你能拿90分以上!在这里给各位小伙伴们,整理了超多历年真题,每天10道题,快来测一下你的正确率吧~

【单选题】1.小霞能根据他人的具体情况,以平等为标准,在同情、关心的基础上对学生学习和生活中的道德事件进行判断,根据皮亚杰的理论。小霞的道德发展处于( )。

A. 自我中心阶段

B. 权威阶段

C. 可逆阶段

D. 公正阶段

【单选题】2.态度的三元论不包括( )。

A. 认知成分

B. 情感成分

C. 意志成分

D. 行为倾向成分

【单选题】3.小菁常在课堂上玩手机,小娜提醒小菁学校规定课堂上不能玩手机,而小菁不听。为此,小娜以为小菁不是好学生,小娜的道德发展属于那个阶段(  )。

A. 惩罚和服从

B. 相对功利

C. 遵守法规

D. 普遍伦理

【多选题】4.态度与品德形成过程中经历三个阶段,其中认同阶段的行为具有一定的( )。

A. 自觉性

B. 情境性

C. 稳定性

D. 主动性

【多选题】5.构成道德心理成分包括:道德认识,( ),( )和道德行为。

A. 道德观念

B. 道德标准

C. 道德情感

D. 道德意志

【单选题】6.针对我国家庭教育与学校教育中对学生品德要求出现差异甚至对立的现象,德育工作应贯彻( ) 。

A. 理论联系实际原则

B. 发扬积极因素克服消极因素原则

C. 正面启发引导原则

D. 教育影响的一致性和连贯性原则

【单选题】7.“夫子循循然善诱人,博我以文,约我以礼,欲罢不能”体现的德育原则是 ( )。

A. 思想性原则

B. 疏导性

C. 连贯性

D. 一致性

【单选题】8.下列不属于贯彻尊重学生与严格要求学生相结合原则的基本要求的是( )。

A. 教育者爱护、尊重和信赖学生

B. 教育者要统一社会各界的影响

C. 教育对学生提出的要求要严宽适度,合理整理和明确具体

D. 教育者对学生提出的要求要认真执行

【单选题】9.每年3月5日,班主任都要求学生们创作学雷锋板报,这是为了提高学生个人的( )。

A.道德水平

B.政治觉悟

C.学习成绩

D.道德品质

【单选题】10.“要尽量多的要求一个人,也要尽量可能地尊重一个人”,这提出的人是:( ) 。

A.夸美纽斯

B.杜威

C.赫尔巴特

D.马卡连柯

答案及解析

1.【D】(1)自我中心阶段(2-5岁)。这一阶段的儿童由于认识的局限性,还不理解、不重视成人或周围环境对他们的要求,在游戏时,规则或成人的要求对他们还没有约束力,只按照自己的意愿去执行游戏规则,所以这一阶段又称为单纯的个人规则阶段。皮亚杰认为,促进儿童和同伴之间形成合作关系,是使儿童摆脱这种自我中心的唯一方法。(2)权威阶段 (6-8岁)。这个阶段的儿童认为,应该尊重权威和尊重年长者的命令。一方面,他们绝对遵从成人、权威者的命令;另一方面,他们也服从周围环境对他们所规定的规则或提出的要求。皮亚杰把儿童绝对服从规则要求的倾向称为道德实在论。他指出,此阶段成人的约束和滥用权威对儿童的道德发展是极其有害的。(3)可逆阶段(8-10岁)。这个阶段的儿童不再认为成人的命令是应该绝对服从的,道德规则是固定不变的。他们认为,道德行为的准则只不过是同伴之间共同约定的用来保障共同利益的一种社会产物。因此,规则已经具有了一种保证相互行动和相互给予的可逆特征,规则面前、同伴之间是一种可逆关系,我要你遵守,我也得遵守。判断好坏的标准不是以权威而是以是否公平作为判断行为好坏的标准,认为公平的行为就是好的,反之就是坏的。由此可见,儿童的道德判断已经开始摆脱外界的约束,并具有自律道德水平的初步萌芽。(4)公正阶段(11-12岁)。这个阶段,儿童的道德观念开始倾向于公正。皮亚杰认为,当可逆的道德观念从利他主义角度去考虑时,就产生了关于公正的观念。公正观念不是一种判断是或非的单纯的规则关系,而是一种出于关心与同情的真正的道德关系。也就是说,儿童不再刻板地按固定的规则去判断,在依据规则判断时隐含考虑到同伴的一些具体情况,从关心和同情出发去判断。皮亚杰认为公正观念是一种高级的平等关系,这种道德观念已经能够从内部对儿童的道德判断起着决定性的作用。因此,本题选择D。

2.【C】态度包括认知、情感和行为三种成分,其中情感是核心成分。所以不包括意志成分。

3.【C】柯尔伯格提出了三水平六阶段的道德发展阶段论。分别是:1.前习俗水平第一阶段:惩罚服从取向阶段。第二阶段:相对功利取向阶段。2.习俗水平第三阶段:寻求认可取向阶段。第四阶段:遵守法规取向阶段3.后习俗水平第五阶段:社会契约取向阶段。第六阶段:普遍伦理取向阶段。其中遵守法规取向阶段的儿童认为,正确的行为就是尽到个人责任,尊重权威,维护社会秩序,否则就是错误的(他们已经意识到良心与社会体系的重要性),小娜以学校的规定作为判断品德好坏的标准,因此是遵守法规取向阶段。

4.【ACD】认同是在思想、情感、态度和行为上主动接受他人的影响,使自己的态度和行为与他人相接近。它不受外界压力控制,行为具有一定的自觉性、主动性和稳定性等特点。

5.【CD】本题考查道德心理成分,有:道德认知,道德情感,道德意志和道德行为。所以选择CD。

6.【D】教育的一致性与连贯性原则是指进行德育应当有目的、有计划地把来自各方面对学生的教育影响加以组织、调节,使其相互配合,协调一致,前后连贯地进行,以保障学生的品德能按教育目的的要求发展。题干表述符合教育影响的一致性和连贯性原则,本题选D。长善救失即发扬积极因素克服消极因素原则,是指在德育过程中,要充分调动学生自我教育的积极性,依靠和发扬学生的积极因素去克服他们的消极因素,促进学生道德成长。正面教育与纪律约束相结合的原则是指德育工作既要正面引导,说服教育,启发自觉,调动学生接受教育的内在动力,又要辅之以必要的纪律约束,并使两者有机结合起来。

7.【B】这句话的意思是“孔子一步一步的由浅入深的教育弟子,用文化知识让弟子的常识渊博,用礼仪规范约束弟子的行为,受到这样的教育,会让弟子感到学习是很快乐的事,而对学习产生浓厚的兴趣,永远不想停止”。这里的“循循然善诱人”即我们所说的循循善诱,体现了德育的疏导原则。思想性原则即科学性和思想性相统一的原则,是指教学要以马克思主义为指导,授予学生以科学知识,并结合知识教学对学生进行辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义思想教育、道德品质教育和心理健康教育。教育的一致性与连贯性原则是指进行德育应当有目的、有计划地把来自各方面对学生的教育影响加以组织、调节,使其相互配合,协调一致,前后连贯地进行,以保障学生的品德能按教育目的的要求发展。这一原则是由德育过程的基本规律决定的。因此,学校应该加强控制和调节各种教育影响,使之形成一股强大的教育合力,确保学生的思想品德按社会要求健康发展。比如“5加2等于0”。

8.【B】B为教育的一致性和连贯性原则的要求。

9.【A】此题可先采用排除法,先排除B和C选项。道德水平是指一个人的品德,品性, 是社会道德对个人言行的约束程度。某人的道德水平就是某人的言行受社会道德约束的程度。道德品质是个人在道德行为中所表现出来的比较稳定的、一贯的特点和倾向。因道德品质是一个相对而言比较稳定的概念,因此选A。

10.【D】“要尽量多的要求一个人,也要可能地尊重一个人”这是马卡连柯所说的,他表明了在对学生进行道德教育的时候要遵循严格要求和尊重相结合的原则中。而夸美纽斯提出了“泛智”教学,杜威提倡“做中学”、“教育即生活”等,赫尔巴特提出了“教学具有教育性。”



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Jiangyan Taizhou teacher qualification certificate which training organization is good, skillfully use the sea battle skill to make you twice the result with half the effort

Jiangyan Taizhou teacher qualification certificate which training organization is good, skillfully use the sea battle skill to make you twice the result with half the effort



Teachers' qualification certificate is practiced once a day -- the formation of attitude and morality and moral education


Do not know how to prepare for the written examination of qualification certificate? Tell you secretly, the written examination of qualification certificate is to use the tactics of sea of questions, brush the questions more, and ensure that you can get more than 90 points! Here, I've sorted out more than 10 real questions every day for you guys. Let's test your accuracy~


[single choice questions] 1. Xiao Xia can judge the moral events in students' study and life on the basis of sympathy and concern according to the specific situation of others and equality as the standard, according to Piaget's theory. Xiaoxia's moral development is in ().


A. Egocentric stage


B. Authority stage


C. Reversible stage


D. Fair stage


The ternary theory of attitude does not include ().


A. Cognitive components


B. Emotional component


C. Will component


D. Behavioral components


[single choice] 3. Xiaojing often plays mobile phones in class. Xiaona reminds Xiaojing that they are not allowed to play mobile phones in class, but Xiaojing doesn't listen. For this reason, Xiaona thinks Xiaojing is not a good student, and her moral development belongs to that stage ().


A. Punishment and obedience


B. Relative utility


C. Compliance with regulations


D. Universal Ethics


[multiple choice questions] 4. There are three stages in the formation of attitude and morality, among which the behavior in the identification stage has a certain degree of ().


A. Consciousness


B. Situational


C. Stability


D. Initiative


5. The components of moral psychology include moral cognition, (), () and moral behavior.


A. Moral concept


B. Moral standards


C. Moral emotion


D. Moral will


[single choice questions] 6. In view of the differences or even opposites between family education and school education, moral education should be carried out ().


A. Principle of combining theory with practice


B. Carry forward the principle of positive factors and overcome negative factors


C. Guiding principle of positive inspiration


D. The principles of consistency and coherence in the impact of Education


The principle of moral education embodied in "teachers follow the principle of being good and attractive, solicit from me to write, ask me to be polite, and never give up".


A. Ideological principle


B. Catharsis


C. Coherence


D. Consistency


[single choice questions] 8. The following are not the basic requirements of the principle of respecting students and strictly requiring students.


A. Educators love, respect and trust students


B. Educators should unify the influence of all walks of life


C. The requirements of education for students should be strict, moderate, reasonable and specific


D. Educators should earnestly implement the requirements of students


On March 5 every year, the head teacher asks the students to create and study Lei Feng's blackboard newspaper, which is to improve the students' personal quality.


A. Moral level


B. Political consciousness


C. Academic performance


D. Moral character


[single choice questions] 10. "We should ask for as many people as possible and respect as much as possible for one person." the person who proposed this is: ().


A. Comenius


B. Dewey


C. Herbart


D. Makarenko


Answer and analysis


1. [D] (1) egocentric stage (2-5 years old). Due to the limitations of cognition, children in this stage do not understand and pay attention to the requirements of adults or their surroundings. When playing, the rules or adult requirements have no binding force on them, and they only implement the rules of the game according to their own wishes, so this stage is also called the simple individual rule stage. Piaget believes that promoting cooperation between children and their peers is the only way to free children from this kind of egotism. (2) Authority stage (6-8 years old). Children at this stage believe that authority and the orders of the elderly should be respected. On the one hand, they absolutely obey the orders of adults and authorities; on the other hand, they also obey the rules or requirements of their surroundings. Piaget called children's tendency to obey the rules absolutely as moral realism. He pointed out that adult restraint and abuse of authority at this stage are extremely harmful to children's moral development. (3) Reversible stage (8-10 years old). At this stage, children no longer think that the orders of adults should be absolutely obeyed, and the moral rules are fixed. In their opinion, the code of moral behavior is only a social product agreed by the partners to protect the common interests. Therefore, the rule has a reversible feature of ensuring mutual action and giving. In front of the rule, there is a reversible relationship between partners. I want you to abide by it, and I have to abide by it. The standard of judging good or bad is not authority but fairness, which is considered as the standard of judging good or bad behavior. Thus, children's moral judgment has begun to get rid of the external constraints, and has the initial germination of self-discipline moral level. (4) Fair stage (11-12 years old). At this stage, children's moral concept began to incline to justice. Piaget believes that when the reversible moral concept is considered from the perspective of altruism, it produces the concept of justice. The concept of justice is not a pure rule relationship to judge right or wrong, but a real moral relationship out of concern and sympathy. That is to say, children are no longer rigid to judge according to the fixed rules. When judging according to the rules, they implicitly consider some specific situations of their peers, and judge from the perspective of care and sympathy. Piaget thinks that the concept of justice is a kind of high-level equal relationship, and this kind of moral concept has been able to deal with children internally

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